Technology

EXPLAINER-Britain advances digital ID plans as identification…

LONDON, Sept 4 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – Britain set out its plans this week for a digital identity system aimed at making it easier for people to access public services and buy age-restricted goods – whether registering with a new doctor or buying a bottle of wine.

But the British government’s latest plans come as digital rights campaigners worldwide warn about the privacy concerns posed by identification technology, which allows biometric data such as fingerprints to be accessed online.

Here is what you need to know about Britain’s digital identity plans:

WHAT IS A DIGITAL ID?

A digital identity is an electronic form of identification that can be used to prove an individual’s identity online.

Existing digital identity systems usually link biometric data such as fingerprints and iris scans to a unique digital code, allowing for remote identification that can be accessed anywhere.

Proponents say digital identity can help streamline private transactions, reducing the paperwork needed to buy a property for example, and allow greater and quicker access to government services.

More than one billion people globally have no way of proving their identity, according to the World Bank, which experts say excludes them from basic services such as education and healthcare.

WHAT DID THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT SAY ABOUT ITS PLANS?

The British government said this week it wanted to “update existing laws on identity-checking to enable digital identity to be used as widely as possible” across the country, following a call for evidence published on its website.

“We want to make it easier for people to prove their identity securely online so transactions can become even quicker – it has the potential to add billions to our economy,” Digital Infrastructure Minister Matt Warman said in a statement.

The government said it would start consultations on developing legislation, adding that policies would be based on six principles, including privacy, transparency and inclusivity.

No details on how the system would work were provided, but digital rights experts suggested it could take the form of digital ID cards that would for example allow online stores to check shoppers’ age.

HOW HAS THE BRITISH PLAN BEEN RECEIVED?

Reaction to the announcement has been mixed, with business groups and some politicians praising the initiative and rights groups calling for caution.

The Confederation of British Industry (CBI) said a digital identity system could help unlock economic growth while techUK, an industry trade group, said the preliminary plan was welcome though lacking in detail.

A 2019 study by the McKinsey Global Institute calculated that by increasing access to services and easing transactions, digital IDs could unlock economic value equivalent to 3 to 13% of GDP in 2030.

Former Prime Minister Tony Blair told the BBC it was “common sense” to move towards digital IDs as part of efforts to fight coronavirus as the government would want to keep a record of who had been vaccinated.

Matthew Rice of the Open Rights Group said the system would only work if users trust it to protect their personal data, while Tom Fisher of Privacy International said it was crucial not to cut off people who lacked skills or access to the internet.

“The behaviour of the digital identity industry also remains a concern, and we have to be sure that they are prevented from exploiting our data and using it for other purposes,” Fisher told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

WHAT OTHER DIGITAL ID SYSTEMS EXIST?

Digital identity systems are already in use in many countries, from Norway to Estonia, with some raising concerns from rights activists.

Launched in 2009 to streamline welfare payments and reduce wastage in public spending, India’s Aadhaar, the world’s biggest biometric database, is now used for everything from school enrolments to tax filings.

Yet, researchers say large numbers of homeless and transgender people are excluded and denied essential services, and the system has raised concerns about privacy, data safety, and possible misuse for profiling or surveillance.

Kenya’s digital ID scheme Huduma Namba was given the go ahead by the country’s high court in January, following a challenge by rights groups which argued it violated privacy and should be outlawed.

The judges ruled that the system, which gives people access to public services, could continue, as long as the government brought in stronger regulations and did not use it to collect citizens’ DNA and geo-location data.

(Writing by Umberto Bacchi @UmbertoBacchi, Editing by Helen Popper.

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Girl, 8, is among 51 people shot in Chicago

Labor Day Weekend was marred by an uptick in shootings that ended with 64 Americans becoming victims of gun violence in cities across the country. 

At least 10 people were shot dead and just over six dozen were were caught in gun-related violence as it gripped at least three major cities this weekend.

‘The amount of violence over the holiday weekend is beyond unacceptable,’ Brandon Scott, president of the Baltimore City Council,’ wrote in an email. 

The city of Baltimore this weekend saw two residents shot dead, one person fatally stabbed and 12 others shot. 

Further west, Chicago recorded 51 victims and eight who were shot dead, including an eight-year-old girl was killed inside a parked car on Monday.

In New York City, a six-year-old boy was shot during a Caribbean festival in Brooklyn just three hours before a 62-year-old man was killed while walking his dogs.

Chicago

Reports from the Windy City on Monday revealed that  eight people were killed and 43 Chicago residents were wounded in gun violence. 

In the most recent incident, an eight-year-old girl was killed and two adults were severely wounded while driving on the South Side.

The shooting occurred shortly before 6 p.m.

in the Canaryville neighborhood, Chicago Police Chief of Operations Brian McDermott said.

The girl was with her mother and two other adults in a Subaru SUV when they stopped at a red light at 47th Street and Union Avenue, with a Dodge Charger behind them, police said.

Once the stoplight turned green, authorities noted that someone in the Charger then opened fire, striking the child, a 31-year-old man and a 30-year-old woman.

The Charger subsequently made a U-turn and fled the area.

Authorities in Chicago, Illinois, recorded 51 shootings over Labor Day Weekend that resulted in the death of eight people

Authorities in Chicago, Illinois, recorded 51 shootings over Labor Day Weekend that resulted in the death of eight people 

On Monday, an eight-year-old girl was shot dead while inside a parked car on the city's South Side

On Monday, an eight-year-old girl was shot dead while inside a parked car on the city’s South Side 

McDermott said the child was taken to Comer Children´s Hospital, where she was pronounced dead.

‘I stand before you, saddened and angered, that another child has lost their life in senseless gun violence in the city of Chicago,’ he told reporters at the scene Monday night.

Chicago fire officials said the man and woman were taken to the University of Chicago Medical Center in critical condition, with each suffering a gunshot wound to the back.

The mother of the slain child was also wounded in the crash, McDermott said.

She was taken to the University of Chicago Medical Center in good condition.

The Cook County medical examiner´s office hasn´t released details regarding the child’s death

An record of a listed CBS Chicago showed seven shootings took place on Sunday

In another instance, a four-year-old boy and an 18-year-woman are recovering in a hospital on Monday after being shot in the Gresham neighborhood.

The pair was shot just after midnight on Saturday when someone driving in a Dodge Challenger opened fire.

The young boy was struck in the leg, while the woman was hit in the back.

Both were taken to local medical centers and are expected to recovered.

Authorities don’t believe either victim was the intended target of the shooting.

Also on Saturday, the Chicago Police Department said they shot dead a man who lunged at officers with a knife.

‘My girlfriend, she heard some yelling, and then she heard some police sirens – ‘Let’s go!

Let’s go! Run,’ Charlie Chung told CBS Chicago.

‘I just heard some loud noises. It was like loud and rapid,’ he added. 

The sound of gunfire came around 1.40am when officers responded to reports that an unidentified man was stabbed.  The man was transported to a local hospital, but his condition is unknown,

Officers at the scene began searching for a suspect that was located nearly two blocks away.  

Authorities said the suspect was armed with a knife and refused to drop the weapon when officers asked.

Officers deployed a Taser gun at the suspect, but it had little affect.

Then, authorities said the suspect lunged at a female officer and began stabbing her several times.

‘He then grabbed the female sergeant and began stabbing the female sergeant with a long butcher knife,’ said  Supt.

David Brown.

Officers opened fire on the suspect and the man was pronounced dead shortly afterwards. 

Baltimore

In Baltimore, three were shot dead including young food server Melissa Hefty.

Brad McCarthy, the owner of Maryland Blue Crab House in Dundalk, confirmed that Hefty, was one of the victims.  She worked as a server at his establishment for two years.

‘She was just always happy and had a lot of customers here that loved her,’ said McCarthy.

‘It is definitely tragic that that had to go down.’ 

Authorities discovered Hefty around 5.30am on Saturday while responding to a report of a shooting near the the 2500 block of W. Lexington St, The Baltimore Sun reports.

Melissa Hefty (pictured) was among three other Baltimore, Maryland residents killed this weekend

Melissa Hefty (pictured) was among three other Baltimore, Maryland residents killed this weekend 

McCarthy: Hefty (pictured) was just always happy and had a lot of customers here that loved her'

McCarthy: Hefty (pictured) was just always happy and had a lot of customers here that loved her’

She had a gunshot wound in the head and was pronounced dead at the scene.

A man with a gunshot wound was also  found at the scene and treated at a local hospital. 

Additionally, a 28-year-old man was fatally stabbed in the chest and neck before he died at a local hospital.

The third homicide victim was shot dead around 10pm on Saturday.

He and a second man were found by police while suffering from gunshot wounds. 

Medica transported the men to a medical center, where one succumbed to his injuries and died. 

And a 39-year-old man who was shot just after midnight on Monday is in critical condition. 

The victim was a delivery driver who was shot in the head and robbed while completing a food order. 

In addition to the three killed, 10 others were wounded. 

New York City

New York saw a concerning spike in shootings over Labor Day Weekend, with at least 10 people shot as the surge in gun violence continues. 

In one instance, a 62-year-old Brooklyn resident was shot dead on Monday morning while walking his dogs near his home.

Just two hours before that, a six-year-old boy and his mother were among three others who were shot during a festival in the same borough.

Meanwhile, surveillance footage from the New York Police Department showed a shootout on August 25 inside the lobby of Marlboro Houses in the Gravesend neighborhood. 

The New York Police Department released surveillance footage of a gun fight the took place inside an apartment building lobby on August 25

The New York Police Department released surveillance footage of a gun fight the took place inside an apartment building lobby on August 25

One man (right) can be seen holding a firearm as people scramble out of the way when someone opens fire

One man (right) can be seen holding a firearm as people scramble out of the way when someone opens fire 

A group of unidentified men are seen standing inside an apartment building lobby and appear to be looking towards something outside.

One man, who brandishes a gun in his right hand, walks further into the lobby before raising the firearm towards the door.

It’s unclear who opens fire first, but the group of men suddenly scrambles out of the way.

A different man runs into the lobby and appears to fire a round out of the open door.

The NYPD said that no injuries were reported. They ask anyone with information on the shooting to call Call 1-800-577-TIPS or DM them on trough their NYPD Crime Stoppers page. 

As of August 30, the rate of shooting victims in New York City was up 120 per cent that week compared to the same time last year.  There were 64 shooting victims this year, while last year amassed to 29.

 showed that shooting incidents were up 85 per cent, with 50 recorded this year and 27 in 2019. 

The numbers continued to rise on Monday as a Brooklyn man was shot dead outside his Bay Ridge neighborhood home around 6:50am. 

 reports that Michael Scully, the owner of five cocker spaniels, was struck several times in the head and shoulders by the shooter.

Authorities said Scully got into an argument with the suspect after leaving his home to walk his dogs. 

The suspect pulled out a gun, shot Scully and fled the scene before police officers arrived. 

Scully was rushed to  NYU Langone Hospital, where he was pronounced dead. The suspect has not been brought into custody.

The numbers continued to rise on Monday as a Brooklyn man was shot dead outside his Bay Ridge neighborhood home around 6:50am. Michael Scully, 62, (pictured) was shot dead on Monday morning by an unidentified shooter in Brooklyn

The numbers continued to rise on Monday as a Brooklyn man was shot dead outside his Bay Ridge neighborhood home around 6:50am.

Michael Scully, 62, (pictured) was shot dead on Monday morning by an unidentified shooter in Brooklyn

‘I don’t know who would do this,’ said William Mendez, a longtime friend of Scully’s. ‘I don’t believe he had any enemies.

Everybody loved Mike.’

‘He loved Brooklyn,’ Mendez, 55, added. ‘You needed help, he was there for you. He was just the best.’

According to friends of Scully, he was warm-hearted and kind man who spent several years working for a technology company. He liked to bring his dogs with him to church.  

He was also an entrepreneur who bought and sold items, like perfumes and clothes, on the side.

Scully kept a list of all the perfumes he had in stock, friends said.

Scully lived downstairs from his brother in a two-family home they shared. The brother was overcome with emotion as he hugged their sister outside their home just hours after the shooting, NYDN reports.

David Martinez, a longtime friend of Scully, said the man’s girlfriend died about two years ago and the loss was devastating.

Her funeral was one of the only times the Martinez saw Scully cry.

The other two occasions were during the funerals of his father and mother.

‘He didn’t deserve this,’ said Martinez. ‘This is execution-style.’  

Around 3am on Monday, in the same borough were Scully was killed, a six-year-old boy was scooped up off the pavement by his mother after they were both shot during a pre-dawn J’Ouvert celebration.

Around 3am on Monday a six-year-old boy and his mother were both shot during a pre-dawn J'Ouvert celebration.

Around 3am on Monday a six-year-old boy and his mother were both shot during a pre-dawn J’Ouvert celebration. 

The boy is seen lying on the pavement in a pool of his own blood as a woman, identified as his mother, rushes over and tries to pick him up

The boy is seen lying on the pavement in a pool of his own blood as a woman, identified as his mother, rushes over and tries to pick him up

In the video, obtained by DailyMail.com, some of the 300 people who gathered for a pre-dawn procession celebrating the Caribbean J’Ouvert festival are heard screaming in terror and fleeing after the gun went off. 

The boy is seen lying on the pavement in a pool of his own blood as a woman, identified as his mother, rushes over and tries to pick him up. 

A few feet away from the boy, a man is seen collapsed on the ground after he was also apparently struck by gunfire. 

Police sources told the that the boy, identified as Maxwell Cesc-Vinho, was shot in the left leg while his mother Patricia Bratwaith, 47, and a man named Flavian Yves, 40, were struck in the left foot. 

The sources identified the other two victims as Bob Charlotin, 46, and Kelly Barthold, 34, and said they were both shot in the right leg.  

Disturbing video captured the moment a six-year-old boy was scooped up off the pavement by his mother after they were both shot alongside three other people during a pre-dawn J’Ouvert celebration in Brooklyn on Monday morning

All five victims were transported to Kings County Hospital Center with non-life threatening injuries. 

NYPD officers arrested two men at the scene who were both carrying guns, but police have not confirmed whether either was the shooter.   

Investigators are still working to determine the motive for the shooting, but NYPD Chief of Detectives Rodney Harrison said it appeared to be gang-related.

‘This is a notorious gang area that, you know, we’ve had problems with in the past,’ Harrison told reporters on Monday morning.  

It’s unclear whether any of the victims were targeted on purpose.

Harrison said that the mother and son were just getting out of a cab when they were struck.  

‘It was really crazy – everyone was in shock,’ Joshua Kristal, who was in the procession when the shooting occurred, told the Post.  

‘The boy, his mom was carrying him.

You could see there was blood in his pants. She dropped him, I didn’t know what to do, then I saw tons of blood.’ 

New York City has seen a troubling spike in crime and violence this over the course of this summer. 

Last week police revealed new data showing there were 242 shootings recorded in August, compared with just 91 in the same month last year – a 166 per cent increase.  

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China to launch initiative to set global data-security rules – WSJ

Sept 7 (Reuters) – China is launching an initiative to set global standards on data security, countering U.S.

efforts to persuade countries to ringfence their networks from Chinese technology, the Wall Street Journal reported website on Monday.

Under its new “Global Initiative on Data Security,” China would call on all countries to handle data security in a “comprehensive, objective and evidence-based manner,” the Journal said citing a draft reviewed by it.

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi is scheduled to announce the initiative on Tuesday at a seminar in Beijing on global digital governance, the report said.

The administration of U.S.

President Donald Trump has in recent months tightened its restrictions on Chinese companies citing national security concerns.

(Reporting by Ann Maria Shibu in Bengaluru; Editing by Lisa Shumaker)

Tess Daly announces she's QUITTING Children In Need

Tess Daly has announced she’s stepping down as the host of Children In Need after 11 years.

The Strictly Come Dancing presenter, 51, took to Instagram to share the sad news with fans, as the annual telethon reaches its 40th Anniversary in November.

Paying tribute to the charity’s founder Sir Terry Wogan with a series of snaps, Tess ensured fans that Pudsey ‘would always hold a special place in her heart.

Leaving: Tess Daly has announced she's stepping down as the host of Children In Need after 11 years as she paid tribute to the charity's late founder Sir Terry Wogan (pictured)

Leaving: Tess Daly has announced she’s stepping down as the host of Children In Need after 11 years as she paid tribute to the charity’s late founder Sir Terry Wogan (pictured)

Tess shared a lengthy post with her fans as she documented her time as host of Children In Need.

Among them were a snap with Terry and Ade Adepitan, who has hosted the show since 2016.

She wrote: ‘For the past 11 years I’ve had the great privilege of presenting Children In Need alongside brilliant presenters and an amazing team.

Off she goes! The Strictly Come Dancing presenter took to Instagram to share the sad news with fans, as the annual telethon reaches its 40th Anniversary in November

Off she goes! The Strictly Come Dancing presenter took to Instagram to share the sad news with fans, as the annual telethon reaches its 40th Anniversary in November

‘Pudsey and what he represents will always hold a special place in my heart but it’s time to pass the presenting baton over as the show reaches it’s amazing 40-year milestone. 

‘That’s four decades of the British public donating and heroically fundraising over £1bn towards changing children’s lives for the better. 

‘But Children In Need isn’t just an annual event, it works tirelessly all year round and I’m excited that I will continue to work alongside some of the vitally important projects that this extraordinary charity supports, seeing first-hand what a profound affect these unprecedented times have had, and to find out what more we can do to help.’

Moving on: In the post Tess shared several snaps from her time on Children In Need, including one with co-host Ade Adepitan

Moving on: In the post Tess shared several snaps from her time on Children In Need, including one with co-host Ade Adepitan

Star-studded: Tess joined the Children In Need team in 2008 when she hosted alongside Terry and Fearne Cotton

Star-studded: Tess joined the Children In Need team in 2008 when she hosted alongside Terry and Fearne Cotton

Tess joined the Children In Need team in 2008 when she hosted alongside Terry and Fearne Cotton.

Following Terry’s death in 2016 she has joined forces with a slew of different presenters, including Rochelle and Marvin Humes, Graham Norton and Tom Allen.

Of course Tess will be reuniting with Claudia Winkleman for the new series of Strictly Come Dancing this October, which has been shortened due to changes introduced by the COVID-19 pandemic.

The lineup was confirmed last week, and will feature stars such as actress Caroline Quentin, Made In Chelsea star Jamie Laing and The Wanted’s Max George.

Glamorous: Following Terry's death in 2016 (pictured together) she has joined forces with a slew of different stars, including Rochelle and Marvin Humes, Graham Norton and Tom Allen

Glamorous: Following Terry’s death in 2016 (pictured together) she has joined forces with a slew of different stars, including Rochelle and Marvin Humes, Graham Norton and Tom Allen

Robert Irwin bears an uncanny resemblance to his late father Steve

There’s no mistaking he’s the son of the late wildlife warrior Steve Irwin. 

And on Friday, Robert Irwin had fans doing a double take after he shared a photo of himself holding a small crocodile.

The 16-year-old explained that the photo was taken during from the annual crocodile research trip to the Steve Irwin Wildlife Reserve.  

Wow! Robert Irwin (pictured) had fans doing a double take after he shared a photo of himself holding a small crocodile

Alike! There's no mistaking Robert is the son of the late wildlife warrior Steve Irwin (pictured)

Spitting image: There’s no mistaking that Robert Irwin (left) is the son of the late wildlife warrior Steve Irwin (right)

‘This research was all started by Dad and to this day we still use the same methods of capture that he created,’ he captioned the post. 

‘Today we get to keep this vital work going, using state of the art solar tracking technology to learn even more about these amazing animals make sure Dad’s mission and passion for croc conservation continues!’ 

In the photograph Robert was clutching a small crocodile and his Australia Zoo uniform was covered in mud. 

Continuing his Dad's legacy: The 15-year-old explained that the photo was taken during from the annual crocodile research trip to the Steve Irwin Wildlife Reserve

Continuing his Dad’s legacy: The 15-year-old explained that the photo was taken during from the annual crocodile research trip to the Steve Irwin Wildlife Reserve

The wildlife photographer’s blonde locks were ruffled and he had a big grin on his face. 

Fans couldn’t believe how much the teenager looked like his late father Steve in the photo.   

‘Aw omg you look so much like Steve,’ one fan commented beneath Robert’s photo.

Double take: Fans couldn't believe how much the teenager looked like his late father Steve in the photo

Double take: Fans couldn’t believe how much the teenager looked like his late father Steve in the photo

Another wrote: ‘Starting to look like your father mate.’ 

A third echoed their statements commenting: ‘Like father, like son. How adorable can you get, Rob!’  

Steve died in September 2006 at the age of 44, after being pierced in the chest by a stingray barb while filming a wildlife documentary in Batt Reef, Queensland.  

Tragic loss: Steve (pictured) died in September 2006 at the age of 44, after being pierced in the chest by a stingray barb while filming a wildlife documentary in Batt Reef, Queensland

Tragic loss: Steve (pictured) died in September 2006 at the age of 44, after being pierced in the chest by a stingray barb while filming a wildlife documentary in Batt Reef, Queensland

Children’s mental health and performance in school can be improved by giving them more ‘green time’ in natural environments and less ‘screen time’ spent staring at devices, new research suggests

Children’s mental health and performance in school can be improved by giving them more ‘green time’ in natural environments and less ‘screen time’ spent staring at devices, new research suggests. 

A review of 186 studies found time spent in woods, parks and nature reserves positively affects both kids’ psychological well-being and academic achievement.  

Meanwhile, screen time – time spent watching TV, computers or playing video games – was associated with poor psychological outcomes, including increased mental illness, poorer cognitive functioning and poorer academic achievement.     

Generally, kids from low socioeconomic backgrounds are under-represented in scientific studies into the effects of a lack of access to green space, meaning the issue could be even worse than anticipated.  

A University of Adelaide review of 186 studies from around the world found green time is better for children and adolescents mental health and academic achievement than screen time

A University of Adelaide review of 186 studies from around the world found green time is better for children and adolescents mental health and academic achievement than screen time

‘Children and adolescents from low socioeconomic backgrounds may engage in higher levels of screen time and have less access to nature in their neighbourhoods,’ said Tassia Oswald at the University of Adelaide, South Australia. 

‘The psychological consequences of excessive screen time appears to possibly be worse for these children, while psychological benefits of green time appears to possibly be greater for these children.’ 

The prevalence of mental illness among children and adolescents is increasing globally, and in particular, depression and anxiety are leading causes of reduced quality of life among children and adolescents. 

Experiences of depressive and anxiety symptoms in childhood and adolescence are associated with an elevated risk of poor mental health in adulthood, suggesting ‘enduring consequences’, the experts say.  

But it has been often claimed that immersing children in nature can improve their scientific understanding, awaken the senses and offer psychological respite from the confines of the living room. 

Other studies suggest that even just putting up pictures of trees and greenery can affect psychological outcomes – even if the space itself doesn’t change. 

Word cloud of the different activities that constitute green time (green) and screen time (blue)

Word cloud of the different activities that constitute green time (green) and screen time (blue)

Oswald and her fellow researchers based their findings on 186 previous studies about children and adolescents’ mental health and academic achievement and their time spent in front of screens, around nature, or both. 

Of these, most (114) were about screen time alone, 58 were about green time alone, and just 14 had elements of both.  

The review collected evidence assessing associations between screen time, green time and psychological outcomes for young children (below 5 years), schoolchildren (5 to 11 years), early adolescents (12 to 14 years), and older adolescents (15 to 18 years).  

In general, high levels of screen time appeared to be associated with unfavourable psychological outcomes – mental health, cognitive functioning and academic achievement.

While green time appeared to be associated with favourable psychological outcomes.  

Screen time - time spent watching TV, computers or playing video games - is generally associated with poor psychological outcomes for children and adolescents including increased levels of mental illness, poorer cognitive functioning and poorer academic achievement

Screen time – time spent watching TV, computers or playing video games – is generally associated with poor psychological outcomes for children and adolescents including increased levels of mental illness, poorer cognitive functioning and poorer academic achievement 

Overall, green time could ‘buffer’ the consequences of high screen time.

Therefore nature may be ‘an under-utilised public health resource’ for youth psychological well-being in an era of high-tech.   

Oswald said it’s still hard to know whether high screen time alone, low green time alone or the combination of both is responsible for poorer child and adolescent mental health.

‘More research in this direction would help us to work out whether we should focus our efforts on reducing young people’s screen time or whether simply increasing their green time alongside their screen time would be beneficial for their psychological well-being,’ she said. 

Much screen time research is related to older forms of technology – television, video games and computers, Oswald claims. 

Therefore, future research should start to focus at the psychological effects of portable technologies like smartphones and tablets.

These support a rich variety of apps that could actually be helping mental health, and, as demonstrated during lockdown, academic studies.   

Experiences of mental illness in childhood or adolescence have implications for an individual’s lifelong mental health trajectory.

‘So prevention is key and identifying exposures which harm or help mental health is especially important for young people,’ Oswald said. 

Studies have already linked access or a proximity to green spaces with good performance in school

Studies have already linked access or a proximity to green spaces with good performance in school  

‘Providing parents, teachers, researchers, policy makers, and young people themselves with a summary of what evidence is out there may help them understand the psychological impacts of exposure to screen-based technologies.’ 

Parents should not necessarily interpret the review as a sign to cut down on their children’s media use, according to Professor Dame Til Wykes, psychology experts at King’s College London, who was not involved with the study, which has been published in .   

‘It all depends on what children do with their time and a mix of activities is what most children need,’ she said.

‘It may also be a lifeline for adolescents who need some social support even if a distraction from family time.’

Previous studies have also used measured children’s ‘access to green space’ based on how close they live to parks and fields.          

‘The problem is that families who live closer to green areas differ in lots of ways from those who live in urban settings,’ said developmental psychologist Dr Sam Wass at University of East London, who was also not involved in the study. 

‘It’s impossible to be sure that it’s the greenery itself that’s causing the difference. 

‘Similarly, families where the children get more screen time differ in lots of different ways from families where the children get less – and it’s impossible to be sure that it’s not one of these other factors that are actually affecting psychological outcomes. 

‘This is a very tricky question for scientists to answer.’ 

There are also many different definitions of what ‘screen time’ actually constitutes -and whether it’s positive or negative. 

For example, during the coronavirus lockdown, playing games and going on social media has helped kids keep in touch with friends – essential for good mental health. 

‘Many psychologists would agree there’s no point trying to wish screens away,’ said Dr Wass.

‘The most important task is to maximise the potential benefits that we can get from interacting with screens, while minimising any potential harmful effects.’     

Previous research claims children who grow up feeling close to nature are happier and more likely to become eco-friendly, compared to those who suffer from ‘nature deficit disorder’.

This term was coined by American writer Richard Louv, who argues that children are being increasingly isolated indoors and have been ‘scared straight out of the woods and fields’ by media and schools.

US STOCKS-S&P 500 set to open higher as falling jobless rate…

By Medha Singh and Devik Jain

Sept 4 (Reuters) – The S&P 500 was set for a higher open on Friday following a brutal selloff in the previous session as a drop in the unemployment rate offset a slide in technology stocks, while investors remained cautious about a patchy economic recovery.

Nonfarm payrolls increased by 1.37 million jobs last month after advancing 1.73 million in July, the Labor Department’s closely watched employment report showed.

The unemployment rate fell to 8.4% from 10.2% in July, steeper than the 9.8% fall that economists polled by Reuters forecast.

Still, the data adds pressure on the White House and Congress to restart stalled negotiations over the next coronavirus relief package to lift the economy out of the worst recession since the Great Depression.

“The data is consistent with an improving labor market that is helping to support consumption, but remains a long ways away from pre-COVID-19 levels,” said Sameer Samana, senior global market strategist at Wells Fargo Investment Institute.

After climbing to record highs on the back of historic stimulus and a narrow rally in heavyweight technology stocks, the S&P 500 and Nasdaq suffered their worst day in nearly three months on Thursday as investors booked gains.

Apple Inc, Microsoft Inc, Amazon.com Inc , Tesla Inc and Nvidia Inc, which bore the brunt of Thursday’s losses, extended declines to between 1% and 4% in premarket trading.

“Today you’re seeing participants trying to test whether yesterday’s sell-off is going to turn out to be something that has more to it or it was just a one-day selling pressure,” said Robert Pavlik, chief investment strategist at SlateStone Wealth LLC in New York.

Fund managers have warned Thursday’s declines may be a preview of a rocky two months ahead as institutional investors return from summer vacations and refocus on the potential economic pitfalls.

The run up to the Nov.

3 presidential election is also expected to add to volatility.

At 8:53 a.m. ET, Dow e-minis were up 176 points, or 0.62%. S&P 500 e-minis were up 8.5 points, or 0.25% and Nasdaq 100 e-minis were down 76 points, or 0.64%.

Wall Street’s fear gauge eased from a 10-week high.

Shares of rate-sensitive bank stocks including Bank of America Corp, Citigroup Inc, JPMorgan Chase & Co rose between 1.7% and 2% as the benchmark 10-year yield bounced off of a near four-week low.

(Reporting by Medha Singh in Bengaluru; Additional reporting by Chuck Mikolajczak in New York; Editing by Arun Koyyur)

Facts of Japan – Top of the world in technology

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Shiny HRP-4C is moved by motors powered by batteries located in his body and face, allowing movements characteristic for supermodels.
Shiny HRP-4C is moved by motors powered by batteries located in his body and face, allowing movements characteristic for supermodels.

Akihabara or Akihabara Electric Town. district of Tokyo. Large electronics trade center.
Cell phone - waterproof, 15 Mpx camera with face recognition option, fast internet, built-in TV, dual sim.
Cell phone – waterproof, 15 Mpx camera with face recognition option, fast internet, built-in TV, dual sim.

Since Japan is much dependent on imported fuel,

nuclear energy has become Japan’s priority. Presently, Japan is the third

largest nuclear power in the world. It has 55 nuclear reactors now. They provide

Japan’s 35% of electricity.

The only energy that Japan finds it difficult to

produce is the wind energy. It is not that Japan has no know-how but the

unpredictable wind in Japan makes it difficult for Japan to go deep into

it. The typhoons play havoc at times.

But Japan is presently making all the efforts to find the right technology,

which can make new in roads in wind energy production as well, that can change

the face of Japan’s leading skills.

It is amazing to know how Japan treats these technologies.

In fact, Japan has recognized that to maintain its economical strength it has

to advance its technologies. They do not see the technology as a commodity.

They realize that it is a strategic asset and they know that Japan’s strength

lies in advancing research and technology even in harder times.

Japanese encourage technology at all levels. Another

factor that propelled Japan to the top of the world is that it has classified

the technology into two and has concentrated on both of them. They are

Commercial applications from the existing technology and New applications from

basic research. Japan, unlike any other

nation, invests its resources in new applications not worrying about the time

and energy it deserves. This is the basic strength of Japan that keeps it above

all.

Further, while every country in the world researches

and finds technology that contributes to its military fearing safety, Japan has

completely devoted its energy in technology that help its economy and not it’s military.

Then again, Japan’s net technology transfers to

Thailand, Indonesia, China and the United Kingdom are amazing.

Technologically, Japan is

the technological head of the world.

T-52 weighs six tons, and both of its robotic arms can lift 500 kg each.

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US STOCKS-Tech rout deepens, Nasdaq set for worst two-day fall…

By Medha Singh and Devik Jain

Sept 4 (Reuters) – The Nasdaq was on track for its worst two-day fall since March on Friday as investors dumped heavyweight technology stocks, while concerns around a patchy economic recovery also hit the S&P 500 and the blue-chip Dow.

The tech-heavy Nasdaq fell as much as 9.9% from Wednesday’s all-time record high and the S&P 500 dipped briefly below its February peak.

Mega-cap companies Apple Inc, Microsoft Inc , Amazon.com Inc and Facebook Inc, were down between 1.9% and 3.6%.

“It’s just position squaring … not surprising since we’ve seen a pretty sizable run up in the tech space in the last three or four weeks,” said Jack Janasiewicz, portfolio strategist at Natixis Investment Managers in Greater Boston Area.

Losses were more pronounced in the Nasdaq, which have powered the stock market’s stellar recovery from the coronavirus-led crash, climbing as much as 82% from March lows.

The benchmark S&P 500 and Dow have surged about 60% from their troughs.

Earlier in the day, the Labor Department’s closely watched employment report showed jobless rate fell to 8.4% from 10.2% in July, steeper than economists’ forecast of 9.8%. Nonfarm payrolls, however, increased less than expected last month.

The data added pressure on the White House and Congress to restart stalled negotiations over the next coronavirus relief package to lift the economy out of the worst recession since the Great Depression.

Technology, communication services and consumer discretionary indexes posted the steepest percentage declines among the major S&P sectors.

Underperforming value stocks including banks and airlines rose between 1.0% and 1.6%.

Both the indexes are down more than 30% this year.

“There are segments of the cyclical trade that you might be starting to see some rotation in to, but I don’t think it’s the big picture value-growth trade reversal yet,” Janasiewicz said.

Fund managers warned Thursday’s declines may be a preview of a rocky two months ahead as institutional investors return from summer vacations and refocus on potential economic pitfalls.

The run-up to the Nov.

3 U.S. presidential election is also expected to add to the volatility.

Wall Street’s fear gauge hit a more than 11-week high earlier in the session.

At 12:58 p.m. ET, the Dow Jones Industrial Average was down 303.91 points, or 1.07%, at 27,988.82 and the S&P 500 was down 48.08 points, or 1.39%, at 3,406.98.

The Nasdaq Composite was down 261.35 points, or 2.28%, at 11,196.75.

The S&P 500 and Dow were headed for their worst two-day decline since mid-June.

Broadcom Inc gained 3.5% after the Apple Inc supplier forecast fourth-quarter revenue above analysts’ estimates.

Declining issues outnumbered advancers for a 2.26-to-1 ratio on the NYSE and for a 2.76-to-1 ratio on the Nasdaq.

The S&P index recorded no new 52-week highs and one new low, while the Nasdaq recorded 19 new highs and 84 new lows.

(Reporting by Medha Singh in Bengaluru; Editing by Sagarika Jaisinghani and Arun Koyyur)

Definitive Technology’s BP9040 offers the best Atmos upgrade path we’ve seen

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Ever since appeared on the home audio scene two years ago it has posed a challenge for potential buyers as well as speaker designers. For the user it was “should I buy new height speakers, drill holes in my roof, or dangle ill-fitting modules from the top of my existing speakers?” Definitive Technology has come up with the most elegant solution we’ve seen so far, but it’s not cheap.

The BP9040 tower speaker and its innovative Atmos dock enables users to keep height speakers as an option, without needing to invest in Atmos from the get-go. If you’re not all that excited by Atmos or DTS:X, just stick with the BP9040 a la carte ($1,800 per pair). If you change your mind in a year or two, pick up a set of A90 add-on height speakers ($500 per pair), plug ’em in, redo the set-up of your home theater, and you’ll be in business.

The Def Tech’s sound quality is geared toward movies, especially after adding the optional docking speakers, with the onboard subwoofers adding real punch to action movies. Music is pretty serviceable but you’ll need a warm amp to counter the bright-sounding drivers.

At $2,300 with the A90 add-on, the BP9040 speaker is breathing rarified air, and while it offers excellent home theater sound, it is up against stiff competition. In our comparison we ended up preferring the , which is less expensive ($1,400 per pair), even though you will need to add a subwoofer.

Designed for immersive audio

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Sarah Tew/CNET

Without the optional height speaker docked on top, the BP9040 is a 39-inch tall tower speaker encased in an acoustically-transparent mesh. The cosmetics are simply lovely, complete with aluminum accents from the top cover and the solid formed base. The speaker’s black grille hides a bipolar speaker arrangement which consists of two 4.5-inch drivers in a D’Appolito configuration around a one-inch aluminum dome tweeter in the front, and in the back another dome tweeter and single 4.5-inch driver. This unusual arrangement is designed to increase the sweet spot and make the speakers sound “big.”

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Sarah Tew/CNET

At the top of the speaker, hidden under a slab of velvet-lined aluminum, lives a port for the optional A90 attachment, which costs $499 per pair. The A90 is a height effects speaker for soundtracks and is designed to sit flush with the main unit. The back of the speaker is designed to accommodate the add-on with two sets of terminals at the bottom which add up to a much cleaner look than other after-market options.

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Sarah Tew/CNET

Continuing the trend for innovation is the bass section of the speaker — the BP9040 features a powered 8-inch subwoofer with a dedicated volume control. While the speaker includes a LFE connection the company recommends running the speakers full range (consult your receiver manual on how to direct subwoofer effects to your speakers). Paired with this are two passive radiators also eight inches across.

The BP9040 is at a mid-point in the new BP9000 collection, which also includes the BP9020, costing $1,300 per pair, the BP9060 ($2,200 per pair), and the flagship BP9080X, which runs $3,500 and includes an integrated Atmos speaker.