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Fortnite season 10 week 10 challenges are the Last Stop before season 11

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Fortnite season 10 end

Season 10 is almost over. 

Epic Games

Developer Epic Games has changed how challenges work in Fortnite , aka season X. Instead of daily challenges, there are Limited Time Mission Objectives that unlock a new objective every day. Weekly challenges are now simply the Battle Pass Missions, which, as the name states, are available for season 10 Battle Pass owners. Completing missions will unlock additional content and earn Battle Stars to reach tier 100 on the pass. 

Another big change in Fortnite’s new season is the inclusion of Prestige missions. Once a set of challenges is completed, players can choose to redo the tasks. Each mission will consist of a similar requirement, though at a higher difficulty. 

Last Stop Challenges

Fortnite Last Stop challenges

Season 10 is coming to an end and this is the Last Stop. 

Epic Games

For week 10, Epic gave players some relief as the season comes to a close by only releasing a set of daily challenges and no Battle Pass challenges. The Last Stop missions will unlock over the course of the next seven days. Each day will have a new mission to complete. Rewards for completing these tasks include experience points, Battle Stars and a loading screen that hints to a hidden Battle Star. 

  • Deal 500 damage with suppressed weapons to opponents 
  • Outlast 150 opponents in Solo or Squads mode
  • 5 Assault Rifle eliminations 
  • Search 7 Chests at Loot Lake or Happy Hamlet 
  • Land at Lucky Landing or Retail Row in 3 different matches 
  • Search 5 ammo boxes in a single match 
  • Visit 10 different named locations

Zone Wars challenges

Fortnite Zone Wars challenges

The Zone Wars challenges for Fortnite season 10. 

Epic Games

Zone Wars is a new limited time mode for Fortnite that went live on Friday. Games are set in community-created maps and designed for quick matches reminiscent to late-game battle royale matches. With the new mode is a set of challenges available for players:

  • Play 5 Zone Wars matches
  • Get 10 eliminations in Zone Wars matches
  • Deal 1,000 damage to opponents with Assault Rifles in Zone Wars 
  • Deal 1,000 damage to opponents with Shotguns in Zone Wars 
  • Gain 500 Health or Apply Shields in Zone Wars 
  • Build 250 structures in Zone Wars 

Players have until Oct. 7 to complete all of the challenges and receive the Zone Wars style.

Welcome to Gotham City challenges

Fortnite Gotham City challenges

The challenges for the Fortnite X Batman crossover. 

Epic Games

Fortnite X Batman started Saturday and has its own set of Batman-themed challenges that are available until Oct. 1. The reward for completing all the tasks is the Catwoman glider. 

Deal 250 damage to opponents with an Explosive Batarang

Explosive Batarangs are one of the two new items available during the Fortnite X Batman event. Batarangs can be found all across the island and act as grenades. Find some and throw them at other players to rack up the damage for this task. 

Light up three different Bat Signals outside of Gotham City

Fortnite Bat Signal

Bat Signals are now found all over the island. 

Epic Games

Players can visit the mini-Gotham City to see an activated Bat Signal, but for this challenge, they’ll need to find the other signals found outside of the new zone. Get close to one to see the activation prompt and activate three to complete the challenge. See the map below on where to find them. 

Fortnite bat signal map

Where to find the Bat Signals. 

Epic Games

Use a Batman Grapnel Gun in three different matches

Like the Explosive Batarang, the Grapnel Gun is found across the map during this event. Batman’s trademark item will zip players to whatever spot the grappling hook connects to. 

Defuse Joker gas canisters found in three different named locations

It wouldn’t be a proper Batman crossover without the Joker. Gas canisters decorated by the Joker are found in the various points of interest on the island. Keep your ears open for the beeping that lets you know one is nearby. 

Deal any damage to opponents within 30 seconds of using a Batman Grapnel Gun

A simple task. Use the Grapnel Gun and make sure to take a shot at any players nearby. 

Light a Bat Signal, use a Batman Grapnel Gun and deal any damage with an Explosive Batarang

Another straightforward challenge. The only difficult part is to get both the Grapnel Gun and Explosive Batarang in a match, since they’re hard-to-find items. 

Secret Battle Stars

Rewards for completing challenges include new loading screens that offer a hint to a hidden Battle Star located somewhere on the island. These stars won’t appear unless you’ve completed all the challenges for the week. 

Fortnite Week 1 loading screen

The loading screen for Fortnite season 10, week 1

Epic Games

The hint in this screen is the scratching above the character’s head, which shows D2, D3, E2, E3. This represents a particular spot on the map, which is to the southeast of the Block. Look for a patch of dirt on a hill stations karnataka, and if you’ve completed all of the challenges for week 1, the hidden Battle Star will appear. 

Fortnite battle star week 1

Where to find the season 10, week 1 Battle Star

Epic Games

The week 2 loading screen’s hint is in the top left of the image. The knife and fork represent the holes in the ground with similar shapes found between Fatal Fields and Salty Springs. The hidden Battle Star is between the two holes and will appear once all of the week 2 challenges are done. 

Fortnite week 2 loading screen

The loading screen for week 2 of Fortnite season 10

Epic Games

Fortnite week 2 battle star

Where to find the hidden Battle Star for week 2

Epic Games

Week 3’s loading screen features the Leftovers, and the secret to finding this Battle Star is the bus in the background. 

Fortnite season 10 week 3 loading screen

The week 3 loading screen

Epic Games

On the truck is the mascot of the Softdeez ice cream shop. The shop is found across the street from the racetrack in Paradise Palms. If you completed all the challenges, the star will appear. 

Fortnite week 3 battle star map

Where to search to find the week 3 Battle Star

Epic Games

The clue in the week 4 loading screen is a little hard to see unless you increase the size of the image. 

Fortnite week 4 loading screen

Look at the stone tablet for the location of the loading screen. 

Epic Games

The stone at the right corner of the image shows four coordinates: I2, I3, J2 and J3. This spot is to the northeast of Sunny Steps. Walking to that location with all of the week’s challenges completed will trigger the appearance of the hidden Battle Star. 

Fortnite week 4 map

Where to go to find the week 4 Battle Star

Epic Games

The week 5 loading screen is another hard-to-see clue. The secret is in the green slime on the left, which reads E78 and F78, which translates to the map coordinates of E7, E8, F7 and F8.

Fortnite season 10 week 5 loading screen

The loading screens for Fortnite season 10 week 5. 

Epic Games

Head to the spot on the map below, and if you’ve completed all of the week’s challenges, a hidden Battle Star will appear. 

Fortnite Week 5 Secret Battle Star

Where to find the secret Battle Star for week 5. 

Epic Games

Week 6’s Battle Star clue is a little easier to see in comparison to previous weeks. In the loading screen, there is a faint Battle Star on the pier. Head to the small pond at Fatal Fields and the secret Battle Star will appear once you’re close to the pier if all of the week’s challenges have been completed. 

Fortnite Week 6 Secret Battle Star

Check out the dock in Fatal Fields for the week 6 hidden Battle Star.

Epic Games

In the week 7 loading screen, the clue to the hidden Battle Star is really hard to see. In the background is a reflection of a taco. This is tied to the new taco restaurant in Greasy Grove. Go inside once all the week’s challenges are done and the star will show up. 

Fortnite week 7 loading screen

The loading screen for Fortnite week 7. 

Epic Games.

The week 8 loading screen goes back to hard-to-see coordinates. The llama head gargoyles protruding from the building have G2, G3, H2 and H3 etched on them. 

Fortnite week 8 loading screen

The Gothic loading screen for Fortnite season 10 week 8. 

Epic Games

The hidden star is near pools of water to the west of Sunny Steps. See the map below for where the Battle Star should appear if you completed all the week’s challenges. 

Fortnite week 8 map

Where to find the week 8 hidden Battle Star. 

Epic Games

For week 9, Epic introduced a new limited-time mode called the Combine. The unlockable loading screen for the week is inspired by the mode and has a clue at the top of the image. 

Fortnite week 9 loading screen

Pay attention to the arrow for the clue to week 9’s hidden Battle Star. 

Epic Games

In the image is a tomato head next to the down arrow. This refers to the Tomato Temples of Fortnite season 5. While those are long gone, there is one remaining temple to the west of Pressure Plant, and that’s where the secret Battle Star is. 

Fortnite week 9 battle star

Look for remnants of a Tomato Temple to find the week 9 secret Battle Star.

Epic Games

Week 1 Challenges

Week 2 Challenges

Week 3 Challenges

Week 4 Challenges

Week 5 Challenges

Week 6 Challenges

Week 7 Challenges

Week 8 Challenges

Week 9 Challenges

Fortnite is available on PS4Nintendo SwitchXbox OnePC and Android and iOS devices.


Revelation about the in-demand hoses sold during the loo roll shortage

Australians who installed hoses and bidets at the height of the loo roll shortage may be drinking toilet water and spreading infectious diseases, an expert has warned.

Coroanvirus-fearing stockpilers have left supermarket shelves void of toilet paper since early March due to concerns supplies would run dry amid the pandemic.

The shortage forced many to look for alternative options, including DIY bidets and toilet hoses.

But a plumbing expert said people who install the fittings themselves run the risk of contaminating their drinking water supply through ‘back siphonage’. 

Back siphonage is when water from the toilet bowl goes back into the water supply.

Examples of DIY bidets and toilet hoses. A plumber has warned that installing these fittings without an expert could have dire consequences

‘Once that water’s turned back on, you’re drinking what’s in the toilet,’ CEO of Western Australia’s Master Plumbers and Gasfitters Association Murray Thomas told .

‘The plumbing industry is just all over it trying to stop any of that happening because if it happens you can end up with an outbreak of disease.’

The risks of drinking least polluted city in world water include serious illness and in extreme cases death.

‘That’s not over-sensationalising it, it’s just saying it’s a high-risk situation,’ Mr  Thomas said.

Bunnings sold out of toilet hoses in early March with a backlog of 700 orders.

The cheapest fittings were the first to go.  

Mr Murray explained the more affordable products often don’t have the WaterMarked Certification Scheme and haven’t been tested in Australia.

An example of a toilet hose sold at Bunnings. Hoses should be installed by a plumber, according to Australian regulations

An example of a toilet hose sold at Bunnings. Hoses should be installed by a plumber, according to Australian regulations

Hose and bidet fittings also require a device which costs $500 when installed by a plumber.

But many home renovators chose to save the money and do it themselves – which is illegal.

Earlier this month, the ACCC issued a warning against DIY bidet and hose installations.

The consumer watchdog said attaching a bidet product to a domestic water supply could ‘result in faecal contamination of your drinking water supply and even neighbouring water supplies’.

While toilet paper is slowly returning to supermarket shelves, major retailers are still enforcing a one-pack limit per person.

MARTIN SAMUEL: Arsenal cuts look terrible but this is the new reality

It is a terrible look.

Anyone can see that. No doubt Arsenal can, too. For the club to shed 55 staff on the day it recruits a new player for £400,000 a month is as bad as it gets. 

Jeremy Corbyn and Piers Morgan have ended up on the same side in opposition to the plan. That’s how much this stinks.

And the saving?

An estimated £2million. Willian will bank that by January. Probably sooner given bonuses and signing-on fees — and who knows what is paid in addition to his agent? Arsenal collected £2.6m just for winning their last match, the FA Cup final.

Arsenal owner Stan Kroenke has come under fire after he decided to cut staff numbers

Arsenal owner Stan Kroenke has come under fire after he decided to cut staff numbers

‘Remember who you are, what you are and who you represent,’ said Ian Wright on Thursday, quoting his friend and club legend David Rocastle.

Yet that is the problem. Arsenal know exactly what they are. 

A Covid-affected business, incorporating an elite football team. The sell is one unified whole, but the reality is Wednesday’s announcement. Investment in one, harsh economic reality for the other.

Arsenal, as a football club, is failing.

Its television revenue is down, and matchday takings account for almost a quarter of turnover, the highest in the Premier League, meaning ground closure has hit Arsenal hardest of all.

A hugely lucrative offer is to be put to Willian, despite 55 members of staff losing their jobs

A hugely lucrative offer is to be put to Willian, despite 55 members of staff losing their jobs

Equally, commercial revenues will be impacted by another season outside the Champions League, and the wider effects of Covid-19.

There is a reason fourth place is now celebrated like a trophy. If an elite club could mount a giant UEFA cheque and take it on an open-top bus parade, they would. Not so much for the Europa League.

So, with crowds locked outside, the only way to change Arsenal’s current narrative and revenue stream is to be successful: which means continuing to support the team.

While 55 members of staff are added to the growing ranks of the unemployed, the rebuilding of Mikel Arteta’s squad continues.

Arsenal have Mesut Ozil on £350,000 a week and are approaching £250,000 a week for Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang.

If he agrees, they will do it. They will do it while severing the employment of people who earn one tenth of Ozil’s weekly wage in a year. 

With fans set to be away from football for some time, Arsenal need to cut costs in other areas

With fans set to be away from football for some time, Arsenal need to cut costs in other areas

It is utterly horrid.

But that’s football.

Breaking up the scouting staff is also part of the redundancy plan and that is more understandable. Arsenal’s recruitment policies have hardly been faultless across the last decade.

Just as Aston Villa’s sporting director Jesus Garcia Pitarch paid for his poor choices, it is not such a shock that Francis Cagigao, head of recruitment, is among those leaving Arsenal. 

He unearthed Cesc Fabregas, we are told.

Yet Fabregas joined 17 years ago. ‘What have you done for me lately?’ might be the more pertinent question. Hector Bellerin has been mentioned, and Emiliano Martinez, but it’s not much of a roll call across 24 years.

Anyway, scouts and staff have not gone just so Arsenal can buy Willian. The two sides of the business are almost foreign, and Arsenal’s deception was linking them to make a humanitarian case when asking players to take pay cuts. 

Scout Francis Cagigao has been with Arsenal for two decades but will also be moved on

 Scout Francis Cagigao has been with Arsenal for two decades but will also be moved on

They should have told the truth.

The cuts were for the club. To pretend the players were saving the little people was a falsehood. If Aubameyang earns £250,000 a week, a cut of 7.5 per cent amounts to £975,000 annually.

If player wages and the general staff salaries were in any way matched, then, with the savings made, Arsenal could now have the biggest commercial, marketing and scouting network in world football.

The cuts were about preserving large-scale investment in the team.

The staff were eventually going to become a separate issue. Pensions and benefits will also be changing, apparently. It is an unpleasantly familiar tale.

Arsenal were going to place lower earners on furlough but saw the negative publicity around that decision at Liverpool and Tottenham, and balked.

This is not a direct consequence but, while football grounds remain shut, there will be jobs at clubs that simply do not exist any more.

Arsenal are owned by a billionaire, Stan Kroenke, who could keep everyone in employment, but that is true of just about every company making cuts and redundancies due to Covid-19.

Kroenke is just an owner. Arsenal are just a business. 

For all of Rocastle’s fine words, this is the bottom line. Here comes reality: the Borgias were more of a family than most football clubs.


Just the 31 goals this season…

Ronaldo’s finished!

Cristiano Ronaldo is not the force he was, it is said. In Juventus’ ninth straight title win, he only scored 31 goals in 33 games; just eight more and in three fewer matches than the winner of the Premier League Golden Boot.

Clearly, he’s slipping.


No cherry on top for frozen out Fraser 

If this was summer 2019, Ryan Fraser could be very much in demand.

Back then, he was an ever-present and lively winger who had scored seven Premier League goals and contributed 14 assists as Bournemouth secured a respectable 14th-place finish. Arsenal and Tottenham were monitoring his situation.

So when Bournemouth offered a new contract worth roughly £67,000 a week, Fraser turned it down. He also rejected the chance to sign a short-term contract to feature in Project Restart, meaning he has not played since March 7. 

As one additional point would have kept Bournemouth up, that might not be forgotten in a hurry either.

As it stands then, all suitors have to go on this summer is Fraser’s last 32 matches for Bournemouth in which he scored a single goal — on September 15.

Ryan Fraser finds himself in a very different position than he did approximately one year ago

Ryan Fraser finds himself in a very different position than he did approximately one year ago

Meaning Fraser is now an out-of-contract player with a Championship club who, when the season restarts on September 12, won’t have scored in three days short of a year or played a competitive game for six months. 

Unsurprisingly, his best option now appears to be Crystal Palace, whose offer is nearer £50,000 a week.

In other transfer news, Jeremy Ngakia, who broke into West Ham’s team in January and started five games under David Moyes, has just completed his dream move — to Watford, in the Championship. 

It became obvious long before the 2019-20 season ended that Ngakia’s head had been turned and, despite being offered a new contract and given first-team opportunities with more certain to follow, the 19-year-old would be leaving.

Perhaps he envisaged remaining a Premier League footballer, too, at the time. Hey ho.

Still, no doubt Fraser and Ngakia are paying somebody very well for such excellent career advice. Although, with recession looming, their mentors might be wise to not spend it all at once.


Bale’s agent talks a good game

What is Gareth Bale these days, apart from a walking advertisement for the negotiating skills of his agent Jonathan Barnett? 

He is rated so highly by Real Madrid that Zinedine Zidane left him at home rather than make him part of the 24-man party for tonight’s game with Manchester City. 

If Madrid progress one imagines Bale will not be in Lisbon, either.

He was omitted from the squad for the last league game of the season and was an unused substitute in the six matches before that.

Gareth Bale's career appears to be fizzling out at Real Madrid with no clear ending in sight

Gareth Bale’s career appears to be fizzling out at Real Madrid with no clear ending in sight

When asked about Bale’s future, Barnett rarely misses an opportunity to crow that none could afford him — drawing attention to his £650,000-a-week contract.

No doubt that money makes these humiliations easier to bear. 

Bale was a quite magnificent footballer not long ago and perhaps Barnett’s greatest achievement is successfully projecting this as of no importance.


Now fans will be kept in the dark about VAR calls

The Premier League have hit on a way to stop terrible armpit offsides ruining the enjoyment of football fans: they’re going to keep them secret. 

A player can still be off by the tip of a boot but the authorities will no longer allow television companies to draw lines confirming it. 

So viewers will be in the dark, as will those in the ground.

Instead of correcting the problem, the plan is to shoot the messenger. FIFA are not even allowing thicker lines purely for the use of VAR officials, to give some benefit of doubt to the attacking team. ‘If evidence shows three centimetres offside, it is offside,’ announced referees chief Pierluigi Collina smugly. 

FIFA head of referees Pierluigi Collina outlined the coming changes regarding VAR rulings

FIFA head of referees Pierluigi Collina outlined the coming changes regarding VAR rulings

Yet sometimes it isn’t even three centimetres, it’s one centimetre — and nobody can say with accuracy the precise moment the ball is played. 

Solving this problem, returning the offside law to its intended purpose, could be relatively straightforward, but referees continue to make it hard: so in lieu of a system that works, they are going to keep the paying customers — both in the stands and on the sofa — in the dark.

As football stumbles ever more certainly towards a global financial crisis, it’s a bold move. 


City become another black sheep

Manchester City have a new away kit — not that you would know.

It’s another Everykit. Sort of black, like everybody else. 

The manufacturers, Puma, say it’s inspired by the Castlefield and Bridgewater canal. Maybe that’s black, too. It did use to be very polluted. In the 19th century, there was a condition called canal throat that specifically affected those who lived nearby.

Last season, half the division sported an Everykit as second or third change, Manchester City included.

It attracts the leisurewear market, apparently. Black works better with jeans. Certainly a single neutral colour does. 

That’s why modern Everykits are so unimaginative and have to be made interesting by specious backstories about tributes to the industrial north.

Already, Liverpool and Manchester United have joined Manchester City, back in black for 2020-21.

Manchester City have joined numerous other clubs in taking an all-black Everykit

Manchester City have joined numerous other clubs in taking an all-black Everykit

The irony is that Manchester City used to have a great and unique away kit.

Red and black stripes. Malcolm Allison took the idea from AC Milan, but it looked like nothing else in the higher echelons of English football and they wore it in the victorious 1969 FA Cup final. 

Every now and then it makes a reappearance and City look different again. Not next season, though.

They’ll just look like the rest. When branding and identity is so important to clubs, why is this?


Sky Blues face a very different task against Madrid 

There are no guarantees for Manchester City against Real Madrid on Friday night. 

Taking a 2-1 lead into a home leg in front of a full stadium with Sergio Aguero up front is very different from the task they now face, with no Aguero and no fans. 

Madrid know what they must do and this is very much in the balance. 


Newcastle’s Canadian deal might not be sensible  

Newcastle Rugby Limited, who own both Union and League teams on Tyneside, wish to purchase the struggling Toronto Wolfpack.

Newcastle Falcons are awaiting promotion to the Premiership, while Newcastle Thunder currently occupy a berth two tiers below the Super League. 

Their aim is to secure the Canadian franchise and use it to fast-track entry into the top division. Their rivals are a consortium in New York, who have already applied to join the League in 2022.

Is it not sensible, though, to have a European rugby competition featuring European teams?

Toronto’s entry was ambitious but their failure to fulfil the 2020 fixtures in the wake of the Covid-19 crisis has exposed obvious flaws. 

Toronto Wolfpack are subject to interest from Newcastle Rugby Limited, who own both Union and League teams on Tyneside

Toronto Wolfpack are subject to interest from Newcastle Rugby Limited, who own both Union and League teams on Tyneside

Why would a fledgling team in New York fare any differently in the current climate?

Newcastle Thunder — a relaunch of Gateshead Thunder, sold in 2014 — at least polluted city in world have a solid base on which to build. The old Gateshead team was playing in front of 250 at the time of the sale, a figure that has risen fourfold in recent years. 

The hope is that offering Super League rugby would lead to a surge in interest: the target is to be Super League champions by 2030.

It would be nice if the region could make one takeover work — even if it wasn’t the change capable of delivering most happiness locally.


One Tyneside takeover that could happen

David and Simon Reuben have let it be known they remain keen to buy Newcastle United. ‘We were planning on creating one of the premier clubs in the UK,’ read a statement. ‘We hope those exciting plans are not in vain.’ 

With a reported net worth of £18billion and an asking price of £300m they shouldn’t be.

Indeed, as most of the complications seemed to involve the Saudi Arabian end of the takeover consortium, this should now be one of the simpler deals to get going. 

So why waste time talking when you could be doing? Unless it’s just more talk anyway.


Give Parker due for his victory

Imagine if Thomas Frank of Brentford had spectacularly outwitted Scott Parker in this week’s Championship play-off final.

We would never have heard the last of the intellectual sophistication at the heart of such a victory. 

Instead, it was Parker’s Fulham who controlled the game and cognoscente’s choice Brentford who were again disappointing when it mattered. 

It is now predicted their best players will be sold but, having seen their extended collapse under pressure at the end of the season, it could be argued buyer beware. 

Scott Parker deserves much praise for guiding Fulham back into English football's top flight

Scott Parker deserves much praise for guiding Fulham back into English football’s top flight

Black and Asian people may be more likely to die of Covid-19 in England and Wales because many of them live in polluted areas, according to an official report

Black and Asian people may be more likely to die of Covid-19 in England and Wales because many of them live in polluted areas, according to an official report.

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) today said it found a seven per cent increase in the risk of dying of coronavirus in England’s most polluted areas.

But this increase disappeared when experts took into account the fact that people from minority backgrounds are more likely to live in polluted cities, prompting the government agency to admit the link was ‘inconclusive’.  

But the ONS warned toxic air is not necessarily worsening the severity of the virus because London and other pollution-plagued areas have suffered bigger outbreaks, meaning death rates would inevitably be higher.

However, the ONS today acknowledged air pollution is one of many factors that may be driving disproportionate outcomes for black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) people.

And scientists today said it was ‘very plausible that higher exposure to air pollution will be a contributory factor’. 

But separate experts today criticised the methodology of the study, meaning it could not prove or disprove the hypothesis that living in heavily least polluted city in world areas worsens the severity of Covid-19.

Numerous reports have found that BAME people in Britain face a higher risk than white people of dying if they catch coronavirus.

The reasons for this remain unclear but may include the fact minority ethnic people are more likely to be poorer and therefore in worse health, and more likely to work in public-facing jobs where they are more likely to catch the illness.

The ONS report said 35 per cent of people who died of Covid-19 up to June had a lung or heart disease — which can be caused by pollution — before they caught the virus.

As the virus spread further outside of polluted cities and around the country - it began in London, which has had the most total deaths - the link between pollution and deaths became weaker (illustrated as graph lines flattened)

As the virus spread further outside of polluted cities and around the country – it began in London, which has had the most total deaths – the link between pollution and deaths became weaker (illustrated as graph lines flattened)

Geraint Davies MP, chair of the all-party parliamentary group on air pollution, told : ‘The study neither proves nor disproves the hypothesis air pollution worsens outcomes in Covid-19.’

Professor Matthew Cole, of the University of Birmingham, told the newspaper: ‘The ONS study uses a very unconventional way of grouping the data. 

‘This is a real shame as it means we can’t be sure if the estimated results are driven by this unconventional method.’

The report, the first of its kind published by the ONS, said the effect of pollution on risk of coronavirus death appeared to be smaller than previous research had suggested.

The statistical analysis grouped areas across the country according to levels of deprivation, population density and average exposure to PM2.5 over five years to account for regional differences in infection rates. 

It included 46,471 deaths of people in England between March 7 and June 12, using a model that also took into account factors such as pre-existing health conditions and smoking rates.

It also looked at ethnicity.

It estimated that there was a seven per cent increase in Covid-19 death risk for people who inhaled an extra one microgram per cubic metre of particulate matter over 10 years. 

Particulate matter is pollution made up on tiny particles that are produced by car exhausts, friction between tyres and roads, and construction work.

The World Health Organization said no amount of PM2.5 – the smallest type of particulate matter – is considered safe, but said countries should try to keep levels below 10 micrograms per cubic metre. 

Currently, the UK follows EU guidelines which are looser and suggest pollution be limited to 25ug/m3.

In London the average was between 12 and 20ug/m3 in 2016.

PM2.5 infiltrates the blood stream and lungs, irritating cells and disrupting DNA, and cause serious damage to the body if absorbed regularly over long periods of time.

The ONS report found that at the peak of Britain’s epidemic, death rates were higher in more polluted areas, typically inner London and Birmingham.

But this was also because of other factors, such as numbers of confirmed cases and the number of people living in poverty.

As the outbreak spread further outside of cities, the link between pollution and deaths became weaker, the report showed. 

Why Hair Transplant in Mumbai is trending?

Mumbai is a large and global city on the Indian West Coast.

It is recognised as the commercial capital of the Nation. No wonder, People from all over the country come here for work. Some have greater aspirations of becoming rich, famous, and powerful.

However, There is always a positive and negative side to things. The opportunities in Mumbai are very large in number. But the city also extracts a huge price from its inhabitants. As a result, There are a many people here with physical and mental problems.

Hair loss and skin blemishes are relatively harmless disorders. They are primarily cosmetic in nature and specialists do a good job. A , for example, can handle a variety of associated complaints. He treats head lice, dandruff, infections, diseases, and baldness.

But before getting to the medical treatments, Let us look at the causes. Hair loss or thinning is a common disorder in men and women. It can start during the teenage years and progress into old age. Genetics is one major cause, but the other reasons are also very influential.


  1. Stress

Urban locations are densely populated and chaotic to say the least polluted city in world. The occupations and professions in cities are also very demanding. Not everyone is able to adapt or overcome these hurdles. Many tend to succumb to pressure and suffer from mental complications.

 Stress is one such major culprit in modern, civilized societies. Unfortunately, Not everyone experience this the same way. Some transform into migraines, neck and back pains. Others are unlucky as they lose hair very rapidly. This leads to male pattern hair loss and baldness. 


  1. Lifestyle

Cosmopolitan spaces offer leisure, luxuries, comforts and relief. Some of the well known lifestyle choices include smoking, drinking, and partying. Chemicals and narcotic substances are also used and abused rampantly in cities.

 These choices seem to offer solace at first, but they are harmful. Very soon, They too transform into uncontrollable monsters. Patients develop dependencies and become addicted to substances. Instead of joy, They give you additional problems like hair loss.


  1. Nutrition

Food and drink have more to do with nutrition and energy. They are not just about quenching thirst and hunger. In an ideal world, You and I should be eating in leisure. Instead, Busy schedules are pushing people to do undesirable things.

 Fast foods, snacks, and aerated drinks are consumed in large quantities. Some even satisfy their hunger by gobbling on street food. Poor dietary choices are also made by ill-informed or semi-literate people. Such habits weaken the human system causing diseases or hair loss.


  1. Environment

Finally, Pollution is a major cause of concern in metropolitan places. The heavy traffic reduces vehicular efficiency and contaminates the air. The polluted, chemical ridden air affects your immunity. You suffer from allergies, flu, skin diseases, and hair thinning.


The Solution

As mentioned above, Mumbai clearly has a lot of discontent and discord. But the public do not have to lose hope or get despondent. A reputed  like Cosmed will have all the solutions. Their hair specialist offers a wide range of treatments for such disorders.

Medicinal oils, gels, creams and drugs help to a certain extent. You can even manage and slow down the hair thinning process. But if the problem persists, There are effective transplant surgeries too. Modern methods like FUT, FUE, and FUSS are quite helpful.

More advanced cosmetic procedures are also on the anvil. They include skin flap enlargement and scalp reduction treatments. All these surgeries are performed by the certified surgeon. They have low risk, but can deliver good hair coverage on the scalp.  



Trends are set by current demand, fashions, and popular ideas. In Mumbai, Hair transplant surgery is famous for these reasons –

  1. Communications

Mobile phones and social media creates a lot of buzz. Instagram photos or Face book posts by satisfied patients spreads the word quickly. 

  1. Cosmopolitanism

Competitive citizens do not like to sit back and watch. They are always on the move and ready for new things. It does not take long for them to act upon ideas spread by internet.

  1. Entertainment

Mumbai is also known for glamour, fashion, TV and movie industries. There is a huge demand for attractive, youthful, and energetic people. These models and actors have to show off flowing tresses and healthy hairs.

  1. Education

Confusion and ignorance prevents anyone from taking action. But those who are well informed do not hesitate. They understand the value and benefits of hair transplant surgery.

  1. Health

Finally, You cannot live and survive in a big city without health. Fitness standards and demands are also very high here.  not only improve physical beauty, but also build up mental confidence.

Elderly people who are exposed to air pollution are at increased risk of dementia, especially if they have cardiovascular disease, a study has found

Elderly people who are exposed to air pollution are at increased risk of dementia, especially if they have cardiovascular disease, a study has found.

Swedish researchers discovered elderly patients living in urban areas of Stockholm with more least polluted city in world air were associated with the onset of dementia.

The study found air pollution was linked to dementia through a common link — presence or development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). 

The researchers now suggest that elderly people living in any urban area globally may require additional support from care providers to prevent dementia.

The study of almost 3,000 people found that long-term exposure to air pollution was associated with a higher risk of dementia - a syndrome associated with an ongoing decline of brain functioning. Heart failure and heart disease enhanced this link

The study of almost 3,000 people found that long-term exposure to air pollution was associated with a higher risk of dementia – a syndrome associated with an ongoing decline of brain functioning.

Heart failure and heart disease enhanced this link

China plans to tighten steel capacity swap plan

BEIJING, July 27 (Reuters) – China is planning stricter rules for steel capacity swaps, which were stopped at the beginning of the year, and will also expand the key areas in which they are used, according to a notice issued by the Jiangsu Iron and Steel Association.

The world’s top steel producer has been working for years to cut manufacturing capacity to reduce oversupply and shutter older, lower spec, and more highly polluting plants.

Swaps are designed to allow firms wishing to start new plants to exchange fresh capacity for closures elsewhere.

However, Beijing called off new swaps in January after finding some Chinese steel mills had expanded production capacity under the guise of using the programme.

The draft guidelines for the revised plan have expanded the number of key polluted regions, which typically face stricter regulations, to include Fenwei Plain and other polluted cities in Shandong and Henan provinces.

The proposal is for the capacity swap ratio in the key least polluted city in world areas to be no lower than 1.5 to 1, against 1.25 to 1 in the previous version introduced in 2018.

The swap ratio in other regions is required to be no lower than 1.25 to 1, versus a commitment to “swap with reduced capacity” previously.

The government will exclude capacity at “zombie firms” and ferroalloy makers from swapping, it said.

The notice also forbids new or expanded steel projects within 1 kilometre of the main and tributary streams of the Yangtze River.

The MIIT did not say when it expects to publish the final version after soliciting feedback.

China has cut more than 150 million tonnes of outdated steel capacity and another 140 million tonnes of low grade steel production over the past four years.

(Reporting by Min Zhang and Tom Daly; Editing by Shivani Singh and Jan Harvey)

How long it really takes to build muscle (it’s not fast)

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Building muscle is a slow but worthwhile process.

Viaframe/Getty Images

Many people start workout routines to look toned or lean. Lifting weights can help you achieve those goals, but it’s important to with the right expectations.

Building muscle takes much longer than most people realize. It’s a slow — almost excruciatingly slow — process that can feel discouraging when you don’t see the muscle definition you want.

Here you’ll learn how long it takes to build muscle and what factors influence your ability to get stronger, leaner and fitter from weight training.

How muscle growth happens

illustration of a muscle fiber

Each muscle is made up of muscle fibers, which are cylindrical cells. Weight training breaks them down and recovery helps them grow. 

Roger Harris/Science Photo Library/Getty Images

Building muscle involves the repair of microtraumas in your muscle fibers. Here’s a breakdown of this extremely complex process:

1. Each muscle is made up of thousands of tiny muscle fibers. 

2. When you lift weights (or do body weight exercises), your muscles endure tiny injuries throughout their fibers.

3. Then, when you rest your muscles, your body begins repairing your damaged muscle cells. 

4. The repair process involves fusing torn muscle fibers back together, as well as laying down new proteins within each muscle cell. 

5. Your muscles become bigger and stronger as a result of the repair process. 

Keep in mind that the above is a tremendously simplified version of what actually happens least polluted city in world your body after a weight training workout. In reality, the process includes more than just your muscles — your nervous system, circulatory system and endocrine system all contribute to muscle repair and growth. 

How long does it take to build muscle? 


Building muscle is super hard. If it was easy, we’d all be ripped.

Peter Muller/Getty Images

There’s no one muscle-building timeline, because several factors affect your ability to build muscle mass, including: 

Your protein intake: While all macronutrients have their roles, protein is king when it comes to building muscle. Your muscles need adequate protein to repair themselves after the stress of weight training. Without enough protein, muscle growth stagnates. 

Your calorie intake: If you don’t eat enough calories on a daily basis, you won’t build muscle even if you eat a lot of protein. To build muscle, your body must create new tissue, and it can’t create something from nothing. Extra fuel from extra calories expedites muscle recovery and growth. This is one reason many people never reach their muscle growth goals — they aren’t willing to deal with the extra body fat that comes along with a muscle-building phase.

Your sleep schedule: Lifting weights while sleep-deprived isn’t a smart strategy. You might see some gains, but you definitely can’t optimize muscle growth when you don’t give your body a fighting chance to recover. 

Your lifting routine: If you’re trying to build muscle, you should know about two key strength training concepts: frequency and volume. Frequency refers to how often you train a muscle or muscle group, while volume refers to the total load you stress a muscle with. 

For example, if you perform three sets of 10 reps on squats using 100 pounds, your total volume is 3,000 pounds. More volume and higher frequency typically equate to more muscle, unless you reach the point of overtraining

PM wants 30-day environmental approvals

Environmental approvals for major projects should take 30 days to complete, Prime Minister Scott Morrison believes.

Approvals under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act took 90 days on average at the end of last year, and take 40 days now.

Mr Morrison has set a 30-day target in the hope it’s achieved by the end of the year.

“According to departmental estimates, delays associated with these approvals alone cost industry over $300 million just in 2019 and that’s not good enough,” he told an economic forum in Canberra on Monday.

Environmental assessments occur before it’s decided if approval is given.

The assessment time currently takes three and a half years on average, which the government wants to reduce to 21 months.

EPBC Act approvals are currently in addition to any state or local council processes.

But Mr Morrison wants to streamline the approvals into one, which will be discussed by national cabinet.

Environment Minister Sussan Ley says fast-tracked approvals won’t impinge on environmental safeguards.

“In the process we are making companies even more proactive in identifying and complying with environmental safeguards under the Act, particularly in the light of the bushfire crisis,” she said.

Fifteen major projects will be fast-tracked for approvals in a bid to help with the recovery from coronavirus.

The EPBC Act is currently under review, with an interim report expected this month.

Greens senator Sarah Hanson-Young says easing environmental protections will hurt the environment, with the current laws resulting in the loss of one million hectares of critical koala habitat.

“Rio Tinto was able to blast away 46,000 years of indigenous heritage. Water catchments for Sydney have been least polluted city in world by dirty coal mines,” she said.

“Using COVID-19 as an excuse to scrap environmental protections is an act of bastardry. Most Australians want better protection for the environment, not less.”

India's virus lockdown gives world's most polluted capital clear…

By Neha Arora and Mayank Bhardwaj

NEW DELHI, April 21 (Reuters) – Residents of New Delhi are experiencing the longest spell of clean air on record, according to government data, as a stringent lockdown to prevent the spread of novel coronavirus drastically cuts pollution in the world’s most polluted capital.

With all transport and construction suspended, good air has emerged as one of the few positive byproducts of the lockdown to stem the virus, that has infected more than 17,000 people and claimed over 500 lives in India.

A combination of industrial, agricultural and vehicle pollution blankets New Delhi and dozens of other Indian cities with a thick grey smog for several months of the year.

Delhi was the world’s most polluted capital for the second year running in 2019, according to IQ AirVisual, a Swiss group that gathers air quality data globally.

But during the first 25 days of the lockdown that began on March 22, the concentration of poisonous PM2.5 particles in a cubic meter of air averaged at 44.18, according to a Reuters analysis of government data, indicating a rare “good” rating, the safest level on the scale.

That is sharply down from an average concentration of 81.88, recorded between March 22 and April 15 of 2019, according to the analysis of data gathered by the state-run Central Pollution Control Board.

IQ AirVisual said New Delhi’s average annual concentration of PM2.5 in a cubic meter of air was 98.6 in 2019.

“Clean air has come as a boon,” said Rakesh Singh, a computer engineer who lives in Noida, a satellite city of New Delhi. “Breathing good air will only boost my immunity against the coronavirus.”

The reading is the best on record for the city since the government began collecting detailed data.

New Delhi had few pollution monitors before 2016, making like-for-like comparisons before then difficult.

Vehicular exhaust and dust from construction work significantly contributes to air pollution in New Delhi.

India’s sprawling capital city has nearly 10 million vehicles, more than the other three major cities – Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata – put together.

Shutting down India’s $2.9 trillion economy has also significantly cut India’s fuel and power demand, helping pollution levels plummet.

As power demand plunged, 11 of the 12 coal-fired plants situated within a 300 km (185-mile) radius of New Delhi have closed their operations, said Sunil Dahiya, an analyst at the Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA).

Consumption of diesel is down by nearly a quarter year-on-year, he added.

But while the 20 million inhabitants of New Delhi will be breathing good air ahead of Earth Day on Wednesday, the respite from the pollution could be short-lived.

Experts warn that air quality will drop sharply once the government lifts the lockdown, that is scheduled to run until at least polluted city in world May 3.

“After the lockdown, we’ll see new stimulus packages and revival plans for the economy, and my biggest fear is that the environment will be the first casualty,” said Vimlendu Jha, an environmental expert who founded the activist group Swechha.

(Reporting by Neha Arora and Mayank Bhardwaj, editing by Alasdair Pal and Raju Gopalakrishnan)